Is there an association between paternal age and aneuploidy?

Delayed parenthood, by both women and men, has become more common in developed countries. The adverse effect of advanced maternal age on embryo aneuploidy and reproductive outcomes is well known. However, whether there is an association between paternal age (PA) and embryonic chromosomal aberrations remains controversial. Oocyte donation (OD) is often utilized to minimize maternal age effects on oocyte and embryo aneuploidy, thus providing an optimal model to assess the effect of PA. Several studies have revealed a higher than expected rate of aneuploidy in embryos derived from young oocyte donors, which warrants examination as to whether this may be attributed to advanced PA (APA).

The objective of this systematic review and individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis is to evaluate existing evidence regarding an association between PA and chromosomal aberrations in an OD model.

We conclude, based on the available evidence, that APA is not associated with higher rates of aneuploidy in embryos derived from OD. These results will help fertility practitioners when providing preconception counselling, particularly to older men who desire to have a child.