Non-invasive Breast Cancer Test On The Horizon

Photo by The National Cancer Institute

The non-invasive Breast Screening device has arrived, and will no doubt prove a saviour to an XXY community who do not fit the criteria for annual breast check-ups offered to females yet are equally exposed to a Breast Cancer risk.Getting a breast cancer diagnosis often means having to endure multiple tests, including some painful and … Continue reading Non-invasive Breast Cancer Test On The Horizon

The X Chromosome: Sex-specific Effects in Infectious Disease

The X chromosome and X-linked variants have largely been ignored in genome-wide and candidate association studies of infectious diseases due to the complexity of statistical analysis of the X chromosome. This exclusion is significant, since the X chromosome contains a high density of immune-related genes and regulatory elements that are extensively involved in both the … Continue reading The X Chromosome: Sex-specific Effects in Infectious Disease

Combating Metabolic Disease

The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that in 2018, obesity impacted about 42 percent of American adults. People with obesity are at higher risk for many diseases, including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke; they also tend to generally have a lower quality of life and a higher risk of death. As of 2008, … Continue reading Combating Metabolic Disease

Biologists pioneer first method to decode gene expression

Given the recent remarkable advancements in genetics, it's easy to assume that 21st century scientists have at their disposal a clear, quick way to run a genomic sequence scan and find out which genes among thousands can be expressed and which cannot. Gene expression is the process by which information encoded within genes leads to … Continue reading Biologists pioneer first method to decode gene expression

New Mutations Appear in the Sperm and Eggs of Parents

Although long established how age can play a part in the creation of sex variants, researchers have always refrained from blaming either parent outright insisting instead on a 50/50 approach (it keeps marriages together). But now it seems there's a third possibility, that of the fetus itself . What if sex chromosome variants weren't the … Continue reading New Mutations Appear in the Sperm and Eggs of Parents

The Genetic Origins of Sex Differences in Disease

It took almost 15 years for scientists to sequence and publish a complete accounting of the human genetic code — the 3 billion base pairs along the double strands of DNA that serve as a blueprint for the body’s functions and pass traits from parents to offspring. Now, approximately 15 years after the human genome … Continue reading The Genetic Origins of Sex Differences in Disease

Where Cells Start To ‘Read’ Genes Affects Health and Disease.

Genes contain all instructions needed to build an organism in form of DNA. Humans share around 99.5% of DNA, but it is the remaining 0.5% that contain the small genetic variations that make us unique. Subtle differences in genes can, for example, influence the colour of our hair or eyes. To build gene products, such … Continue reading Where Cells Start To ‘Read’ Genes Affects Health and Disease.